Cocaine is a dangerous drug that has a high potential for addiction and overdose. Recent data from a National Survey on Drug Use and Health estimates more than five and a half million Americans use cocaine annually. Cocaine is typically found in powder or rock form. It can be snorted, injected, or swallowed. Using cocaine results in euphoria and alertness but brings risk and danger as well. Understanding the signs of cocaine addiction may be a matter of life and death for you or a loved one.
Signs of Cocaine Addiction
Cocaine use on its own does not necessarily mean an addiction is present. Nonetheless, addiction always remains a possibility with this substance. For that reason, it is helpful to first outline some of the signs of cocaine abuse and the general effects it has on users.
People who use cocaine often feel restless, irritable, and paranoid and may be more sensitive to stimuli such as light and sound. They also typically receive a boost to mood and energy and may act in uncharacteristically reckless or manic ways. In addition, cocaine use often has a physical impact on a person’s body that involves elevated blood pressure, dilated pupils, and suppressed appetite.
Paying attention to the signs of cocaine abuse is often helpful in early identification of someone who may have a drug problem. Unfortunately, a lot of the time cocaine use flies under the radar long enough for addiction to set in. The signs of cocaine addiction include:
- Changes in sleep pattern, often resulting in less sleep or even insomnia
- Mood swings
- Risky behavior outside of a person’s normal activity
- Financial trouble
- Uncharacteristic secrecy or lying
Cocaine addiction, particularly a long-term habit, can also cause various health problems. For instance, an extended period of cocaine use may result in regular nosebleeds, reduced sense of smell, and respiratory infections. It is also linked to heart problems and decreased cognitive functioning, potentially even leading to the onset of a mental health disorder.
Cocaine Addiction Treatment
The best answer to having identified a cocaine addiction in yourself or someone you love is to immediately seek professional help. The first step to recovery is detox. The symptoms of cocaine addiction withdrawal make detox best accomplished under medical supervision. The withdrawal period involves:
- Intense cravings
- Severe depression
Withdrawal from a cocaine addiction is typically more difficult the longer someone experiences addiction.
Cocaine addiction treatment truly begins after the detox phase. Two of the best therapeutic interventions used in cocaine addiction treatment are contingency management and cognitive-behavioral therapy.
Contingency management is a form of therapy that is built around a system of rewards and incentives for people in recovery to aid them in staying sober. It has been found to be particularly effective in kickstarting recovery and helping people acquire initial abstinence. Contingency management also remediates the psychological symptoms of cocaine addiction, such as hostility, depression, and paranoia. This makes it a primary tool in cases of a dual diagnosis.
Cognitive-behavioral therapy is about building healthy coping skills and preventing relapse. Patients develop the ability to identify triggers, engage coping strategies, and avoid the pitfalls that may otherwise lead them back to cocaine use.
Overcome Cocaine Addiction Today
Georgia Addiction Treatment Center prides itself on offering high-quality cocaine addiction treatment programs. Clients can take advantage of community housing, intensive outpatient treatment, or our partial hospitalization program. We work with all individuals to design treatment plans that best meet their needs.
Overcoming a substance abuse disorder may not be easy, but it is possible. Therefore, it’s best to reach out to 855.952.3546 to take your first steps toward recovery.